top of page

Schedule Your FREE Water Test

Thanks for submitting!

What is Hard Water?

Hard water is water that contains a high concentration of dissolved minerals, such as calcium and magnesium. These minerals can come from natural sources like rocks and soil, or from human activities like industrial processes and water treatment. Hard water can cause a number of issues, including dry skin and hair, soap scum buildup, and mineral deposits in pipes and appliances.


Understanding Well Water Systems: A Complete Guide

Well water systems play a crucial role in providing households with a reliable and independent water source. If you rely on well water for your daily needs, understanding how well water systems work and their components is essential. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the key aspects of well water systems, from extraction to treatment, ensuring a safe and sustainable water supply for your home.

Well Water Extraction: Well water systems start with the extraction of water from underground aquifers through a well. This process involves drilling a borehole into the ground and using a pump to bring the water to the surface. Understanding the well depth, water table, and the pump's capacity is crucial for efficient water extraction.

Water Storage: Once extracted, well water is stored in a storage tank or a pressure tank. These tanks provide a reservoir of water for immediate use and maintain water pressure throughout the plumbing system. Proper sizing of the storage tank ensures an adequate supply of water based on household needs.

Water Filtration and Treatment: Well water often contains impurities such as sediments, minerals, bacteria, and other contaminants. To ensure the water's quality and safety, well water systems incorporate filtration and treatment mechanisms. Common methods include sediment filters, activated carbon filters, water softeners, disinfection systems (such as UV or chlorine), and pH adjustment systems.

Pressure Regulation: Maintaining consistent water pressure is vital for efficient water usage in your home. Well water systems typically include pressure regulators and pressure tanks to stabilize and control water pressure, ensuring optimal performance for household appliances and fixtures.

Regular Maintenance and Testing: To keep your well water system functioning effectively, regular maintenance is essential. This includes inspecting and servicing the well pump, testing water quality, cleaning or replacing filters, and checking for any leaks or issues. Adhering to a maintenance schedule will help identify and address any problems promptly.

Water Conservation and Sustainability: Well water systems offer an opportunity for water conservation and sustainability. Implementing practices such as rainwater harvesting, gray water recycling, and efficient irrigation systems can further reduce water usage and promote a greener lifestyle.

Well water systems provide homeowners with a reliable and independent water supply. Understanding the components and processes involved in these systems is crucial for ensuring safe and sustainable water for your household. By incorporating proper extraction, storage, filtration, pressure regulation, maintenance, and water conservation practices, you can enjoy the benefits of well water while ensuring its quality and longevity. Consult with a professional well water system expert to design and maintain a system tailored to your specific needs, ensuring a consistent and clean water supply for your home.

Hard water passes through the media tank that contains resin beads coated with sodium ions. The calcium and magnesium ions are exchanged for sodium (or potassium) ions, thus softening the water.

When the beads have trapped the hardness and need to be regenerated, the control valve charges them with brine (salt and water solution) from the brine tank. As regeneration occurs, calcium and magnesium (hardness) ions are freed from the beads, replaced with sodium or potassium ions; and the system is ready to soften water again.

How Water Softening Systems Work

How Water Softening Systems Work

CLACK AQUALUX ELITE Water Softener 96K grains

Capacity is one of the first things you should look for in a water treatment system. The average family uses 80 to 100 gallons of water per person per day. That means a household of five requires 400 gallons of softened water daily.

Brine tank performance insurance

All Aqua Wise water softeners may be ordered with optional salt grid which virtually prevents salt bridging.

Demand Initiated Regeneration

Save water and up to 40% in salt usage by adding meter-controlled regeneration to your unit.

CLACK AQUALUX ELITE Water Softener 96K grains

Our Process for Providing Clean Water

Benefits of Well Water Treatment Systems

Using well water systems offers several benefits for homeowners. Here are some key advantages:

Cost Savings: Well water systems can help you save money in the long run. Once the initial installation costs are covered, you can enjoy free access to a water supply without monthly water bills.

Quality Control: With a well water system, you have more control over the quality of your water. Unlike municipal water sources, where water quality can vary, you can monitor and treat your well water to ensure it meets your desired standards.

Independence: Well water systems provide independence from the municipal water supply. You are not subject to water restrictions or disruptions that can occur during maintenance or emergencies.

Reduced Chemicals: Municipal water treatment facilities often use chemicals to treat water. With a well water system, you have the opportunity to reduce or eliminate the need for chemical treatments, promoting a more natural and chemical-free water supply.

Reliability: Well water systems can provide a reliable water source, even during power outages. By incorporating a backup power system or utilizing manual options, you can ensure continuous access to water.

Health Benefits: Well water, when properly treated and maintained, can offer health benefits. You have control over the filtration and treatment methods, allowing you to remove contaminants and potentially have access to cleaner, fresher-tasting water.

Environmental Considerations: Utilizing well water systems can contribute to environmental sustainability. By reducing reliance on municipal water sources, you can conserve water resources and decrease the energy required for water transportation.

Customization: Well water systems can be tailored to your specific needs. You can select and implement filtration, treatment, and storage options based on your water quality requirements and household demands.

Longevity: Well water systems, when properly installed and maintained, can have a long lifespan. With regular maintenance and proper care, your well and associated equipment can serve you for many years.

It's important to note that the benefits of using well water systems can vary depending on factors such as water quality, location, and maintenance practices. Consulting with a professional well water system provider can help you determine the specific advantages for your situation and ensure the optimal performance of your system.

Common Issues Found In Well Water

Common issues found in well water can include various contaminants that may affect its quality. Here are some of the most common contaminants found in well water:

Bacteria and Viruses: Well water can become contaminated with harmful bacteria and viruses, such as E. coli, coliform bacteria, and norovirus. These contaminants can cause gastrointestinal illnesses and other health issues.

Heavy Metals: Well water may contain elevated levels of heavy metals like lead, arsenic, iron, manganese, and copper. These metals can leach into the water from underground sources and pose health risks if consumed in high concentrations.

Nitrates and Nitrites: Agricultural activities, septic systems, and fertilizer use can lead to the contamination of well water with nitrates and nitrites. High levels of these compounds can be particularly harmful to infants, causing a condition known as methemoglobinemia or "blue baby syndrome."

Pesticides and Herbicides: Well water located near agricultural areas or homes with pesticide and herbicide use may contain residues of these chemicals. Pesticides and herbicides can persist in the environment and find their way into groundwater, potentially posing health risks.

Chlorides and Salts: Well water in coastal areas or regions with high salt content in the soil may have elevated chloride and salt levels. Excessive salt in water can lead to taste issues and affect the suitability of water for various purposes, such as irrigation.

Radon: Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive gas that can dissolve into groundwater and contaminate well water. Exposure to high levels of radon can increase the risk of developing lung cancer.

pH Imbalance: Well water may exhibit imbalanced pH levels, either too acidic or too alkaline. Extreme pH levels can affect the taste of water and cause corrosion of plumbing fixtures and pipes.

Sediments and Turbidity: Well water can contain sediments, sand, silt, and other particles that make the water appear cloudy or turbid. Sediments can affect the taste, clarity, and overall quality of water.

Tannins are bitter compounds in plants that can color well water and affect its taste. Using filtration systems like activated carbon or anion exchange can effectively remove tannins from well water.


It's important to regularly test well water for these contaminants to ensure its safety and quality. If any issues are detected, appropriate treatment methods such as filtration, disinfection, and chemical treatment can be employed to address the specific contaminant concerns and provide clean and healthy well water for consumption. Consulting with a water treatment professional or a local health department can help determine the appropriate testing and treatment options for well water.

Treating You Like Family, Every Step of the Way

bottom of page